Development Partners Snapshot:





Development policy:

Development co-operation institutions:

The Directorate-General for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid (DGD) of the Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Development Co-operation is responsible for development co-operation. Enabel, the Belgian development agency, implements and co-ordinates the Belgian international development policy. 


Federal Public Service for Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation



Belgium provided USD 2.6 billion of ODA in 2021, representing 0.46% of GNI. This was an increase of 2.3% in real terms in volume and a decrease in the share of GNI from 2020. Belgium is not meeting its domestic and European Union (EU) commitments to collectively achieve a 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio by 2030. Within Belgium’s ODA portfolio in 2020, 95.6% was provided in the form of grants and 4.4% in the form of non-grants.  

Belgium ranks 11th among Development Assistance Committee (DAC) members for ODA/GNI ratio in 2021. Belgium’s ODA budget has remained relatively stable over the last five years, after years of decline from 2010 to 2015. Belgium stands out for its commitment to humanitarian issues, with 76.5% of bilateral ODA commitments channelled through multilaterals to humanitarian assistance, as well as its strong commitment to the environment, with 45.3% of bilateral allocable ODA commitments supporting the environment as a principal or significant objective. 


Global Partnership monitoring trend

Click here for a snapshot of Belgium's results from the two most recent Global Partnership monitoring rounds (2018 and 2016). The Global Partnership monitoring process and framework have been revised, and the new round will take place from 2023 to 2026. This profile will be updated periodically as new data is generated by the monitoring exercise. 

Use of monitoring results



The 2020 OECD-DAC peer review praised Belgium for its voice in support of the LDCs and fragile contexts, and its efforts to be a strong humanitarian partner. Committed to the principles of partnership, the review found that Belgium empowers multilateral, civil society and private sector organisations to achieve their mandates. The peer review suggested that Belgium strengthen the management of its development co-operation policy, reinforce the humanitarian-development-peace nexus and improve the management of human resources. Belgium’s next mid-term review is planned for 2023.