Vth Master Plan 2018-21
Development co-operation institutions:
Within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Co-operation, the Secretariat of State for International Cooperation sets the strategic orientation of Spain’s development policy. The General Directorate for Sustainable Development Policies steers development policy for the ministry and the Spanish Agency for International Development Co-operation (AECID).Three other institutions – the International and Ibero-American Foundation for Administration and Public Policies (FIIAPP), Fundación Carolina, and the Spanish Development Finance Corporation – are key actors for implementing Spain’s agenda for knowledge transfer and development finance. Spain’s autonomous communities operate sizeable development co-operation activities.
Spain provided USD 3.5 billion of ODA in 2021, representing 0.25% of GNI. This was an increase of 12.51% in real terms in volume and an increase in share of GNI from 2020. Following a decade of budget cuts, ODA levels have been stable since 2017, with a notable increase in 2021. Spain is not in line with its international and EU commitments to achieve a 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio by 2030. Within Spain’s ODA portfolio in 2020, 99.0% was provided in the form of grants and 1.0% in the form of non-grants.
In 2021, Spain ranked 20th among Development Assistance Committee (DAC) member countries when ODA is taken as a share of GNI (preliminary figures). Spain is the DAC member that channels the highest share of its ODA through civil society organisations (CSOs) (56.4% in 2020). It is also among the DAC members with the highest share of interventions that target gender equality as their principal objective (18.4% in 2020). Most bilateral ODA continues to go to countries in Latin America. In line with its geographical priorities, Spain allocated the majority of gross bilateral ODA to upper and lower middle-income countries in 2020.
Global Partnership monitoring trend
Click here for a snapshot of Spain's results from the two most recent Global Partnership monitoring rounds (2018 and 2016). The Global Partnership monitoring process and framework have been revised, and the new round will take place from 2023 to 2026. This profile will be updated periodically as new data is generated by the monitoring exercise.
Use of monitoring results
- GPEDC’s DAC monitoring results were used in Spain’s 2022 peer review.
The 2022 OECD-DAC peer review praised Spain for its focus on the 2030 Agenda, building inclusive and horizontal partnerships, and for championing mutual learning. The review underlined some challenges Spain faces in steering all Spanish partners towards an integrated strategy. It also recommended streamlining financial co-operation and seeking complementarities between financial and technical co-operation. The current government is engaged in an extensive reform agenda for development co-operation outlined in a new draft law.