The Paris Agreement relies on transparency. With countries deciding their own contributions to the global effort to address climate change, transparent reporting is crucial to identify whether nationally determined targets are being met and to incentivise increases in ambition. Transparency is not a new notion in this area — Paris’ Enhanced Transparency Framework builds on an existing transparency system under the UNFCCC — but achieving it can be a challenge.
Malawi and Mauritania are both using the evolving reporting expectations under the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement to strengthen national institutions to implement transparency. Their efforts reveal some of the opportunities and benefits that arise from preparing to nationally implement the Enhanced Transparency Framework. Both countries model a forward-looking vision that can support others to embark on similar journeys.