Partner Country Governments

Sub-principle 4.A

Measure results

Why is this important? 


Jointly defining a results framework that identifies roles for all partners and captures the desired development and business results is an essential step to make partnerships with the private sector effective. Such frameworks clarify the expectation of stakeholders involved in projects, contribute to greater trust among partners and provide essential information for addressing any challenges during the project implementation. Measuring results serves several other functions: it addresses private sector concerns over risk, demonstrates value and impact to taxpayers, and ultimately enables more effective and higher quality projects for sustainable development. On the policy level, assessing the quality and effectiveness of PSE activities and partnerships overall is a valuable exercise for reviewing PSE strategies, sectoral or other strategies. The Kampala Principles Assessment as part of the GPEDC monitoring is a valuable tool to conduct such an assessment considering the multi-stakeholder nature of PSE partnerships and policies. For more information, please contact: info@effectivecooperation.org.

Self-reflection questions
Discover Tool
Policy Level Project Level
  • Do you engage in the Kampala Principles Assessment to assess your PSE policy, partnerships and activities? 
  • Does your national PSE strategy include a results framework that can be used at the project level? Is the framework in line with international sustainable priorities? Does the framework recognise stakeholders’ incentives to engage in PSE projects (e.g. the need for business outcomes) and, thus, the different needs for measurement? 
  • Does your government have policies and procedures in place to conduct independent evaluations of PSE policies and projects? 
  • Does your government disclose evaluation results to ensure transparency and accountability?
  • Do your PSE projects have frameworks with indicators that are project-specific, measurable, attainable, action-oriented and time-bound? Does your results framework disaggregate indicators at impact, outcome and output levels?
  • Have you committed to using harmonised indicators that will enable all stakeholders (public, private and civic) to measure and report on the same things?
  • Do your projects establish from the outset who will be responsible for measuring and reporting specific indicators? 
  • Do your projects have mechanisms to ensure that project-level results feed into decision-making processes at the strategic or policy level?
  • Do your projects recognise the capacity constraints of some actors (e.g. MSMEs) to contribute to the collection and analysis of information and provide funding to support these activities?
  • Does your government assess your projects against whether better results could have been achieved through stronger adherence to the Kampala Principles?

Actions to consider
Discover Tool
Policy Level Project Level
  • Work closely alongside development partners to minimise the reporting burden for all actors involved, in particular those with weaker capacity, like MSMEs. This may include seeking the most relevant information in your overarching measurement frameworks only and using harmonised and well-recognised indicators for measuring progress. 
  • Engage local civil society organisations and MSMEs as well as measurement experts in the development of your overarching results framework and monitoring progress.
  • Ensure that all measurement processes for PSE facilitate opportunities for structured and inclusive dialogue, and that they are geared towards identifying and addressing risks and contentions. 
  • Collect disaggregated data, when relevant, notably by gender, disability and vulnerable groups.
  • Ensure that your project’s results measurement frameworks are flexible and adaptable. Ensure that roles are clearly defined and information is easily accessible. 
  • Use Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) indicators to measure the impact of your projects to make data comparable.
  • Ensure that all results frameworks have an embedded long-term goal (theory of change) as to how the project will result in improving progress towards both the SDGs and business outcomes.
  • Minimise reporting burdens by focusing on the most essential findings, recognised language and indicators. 
  • Enrol non-state actors such as MSMEs and civil society representatives in monitoring a project’s impact on development outcomes. Recognise any limited capacity and ensure that sufficient resources are allocated accordingly. 
  • If needed, seek capacity support to develop the results measurement skills of relevant staff and partners.
  • Provide streamlined and light-touch post-project monitoring procedures to assess development outcomes for some key projects.

Pitfalls to avoid
Discover Tool
Policy Level Project Level


  • Develop unduly complicated, overarching results frameworks or introduce cumbersome procedures with high transaction costs.
  • Develop a framework that is not aligned with your own PSE strategy and other national and sectoral policies.
  • Fail to consult civil society and private sector entities when developing your overarching framework.


  • Disregard the balance between the need for streamlining indicators and the need for including diverse stakeholder goals and logics.
  • Duplicate and fragment indicators instead of using existing metrics such as SDG targets and those of your national overarching framework.
  • Only measure one side of the “shared value” equation; that is, only measure either the development or business side of things. 
  • Settle for the lowest common denominator in the development of project measurement frameworks.
  • Overlook the potential of private sector contributions to results measurement.


As part of the revised GPEDC monitoring exercise, the GPEDC developed the Kampala Principles Assessment, a framework to measure how effectively the private sector is engaged through development co-operation at the country level. Undertaking the Kampala Principles Assessment helps stakeholders track progress made in PSE and identify the gaps and challenges that require improvement. It is complementary to the Kampala Principles Toolkit as partner country governments and stakeholders who report on the assessment can consult the practical guidance in the toolkit to contextualise their monitoring results and take action to improve the effectiveness of PSE. Please contact the GPEDC Monitoring Team for more information at: monitoring@effectivecooperation.org

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