The development landscape has changed significantly in the last few years, including the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, the Sendai Framework, the Paris Agreement, and the World Humanitarian Summit’s Agenda for Humanity, among others. International development cooperation modalities and dynamics have evolved.

Triangular cooperation is a transformative modality that offers an adaptable and flexible approach to evolving development challenges. It is an innovative approach to accelerate progress on achieving the 2030 Agenda. Inclusive partnerships, including those that support the lives of the poorest, most vulnerable and those living in fragile states, constitute the basis of triangular cooperation and are essential to leaving no one behind.

Triangular cooperation builds on the complementary strengths of different actors to find innovative and cost-effective, flexible, contextspecific solutions to development challenges. It can arise from a combination of South-South and North-South cooperation, creating coalitions around the pursuit of shared development goals.